Biosecurity and Technology Against the Knife Fish in the Laguna Lake
BIOSECURITY AND TECHNOLOGY against the Knife Fish in the Laguna Lake
The Technological Institute of the Philippines recently conducted a technology forum entitled “Biosecurity and Technology against the Knife Fish in the Laguna Lake” at the TIPQC Anniversary Hall in Quezon City. TIP student-inventors showcased their innovative design project aimed to help solve the knife fish problem in Laguna Lake. Shown in photo are (L-R) Shearyl Arenas, TIPQC Electronics Engineering chair; Dr. Cynthia Llanes, vice president for academic affairs; Dr. Elizabeth Quirino-Lahoz, TIP president; Dr. Nereus Acosta, Philippine presidential adviser for environmental protection and Laguna Lake Development Authority general manager; TIPQC Electronics Engineering students Mark Anthony Susbilla, Arnel Calzada, Kyle Jerome Limena, Loida Divina Guzman; and Engr. Ryan Alimuin student research adviser.
A technology forum and press conference on “Biosecurity and Emerging Technology against the Knife Fish in the Laguna Lake" was held at the Anniversary Hall of the Technological Institute of the Philippines - Quezon City (TIP QC).
Laguna Lake Development Authority General Manager Dr. J.P. Nereus O. Acosta in his talk highlighted that the Laguna Lake covers an area that could fit the whole of Singapore in it. He stressed that "the highest form of national security is ecological security. The larger challenge is human security. It is not that Laguna Lake is imperilled because of the knife fish, it is the biodiversity of the lake that is imperilled."
A highlight of the Technology Forum was a breakthrough research and design on control strategies against the knife fish by the Electronics Engineering students of TIP QC led by Mark Anthony Susbilla.
TIP President Elizabeth Quirino-Lahoz explained in her message that the research and design of Susbilla and his group are an offshoot of TIP’s implementation of Outcomes-Based Education (OBE).
Lahoz explained that the research and design of the students as encouraged by TIP have national impact because the knife fish at Laguna Lake threaten the fresh water fish supply on our tables and the livelihood of people dependent on the Laguna Lake. As predator, the knife fish are predicted to wipe out the fresh water fish in Laguna Lake by 2016.
Lahoz said that here is Susbilla, a humble boy from this leading technological school, on the threshold of dramatically changing for the better, the ecosystem of the Laguna Lake.
Lahoz stressed that it is interesting to note how such innovative research and design can emerge from a school such as TIP that caters to financially challenged students by still charging one of the lowest fees.
Lahoz clarified that TIP believes that higher education is the best way to empower the youth. What better proof of empowerment of TIP students than a TIP student taking into his own hands a possible solution to a food security problem of national proportion, a problem that threatens not just his fellow students but also his countrymen.
Lahoz stated that TIP believes in empowering its students through higher education of the highest quality. TIP provides its students the best teaching and learning environment possible. TIP has state of the art laboratory equipment, an excellent faculty lineup, a quality management system certified to ISO 9001 standards, which ensures repeatability and consistency of processes, and an environment marked by simple but functional lines.
TIP Outcomes-Based Education (OBE)
To make the empowerment of its students a reality, and achieve excellence in education, Lahoz shared that TIP also embarked on two trailblazing initiatives that have enlivened the landscape of Philippine higher education.
She mentioned that these TIP initiatives are (1) Outcomes-Based education (OBE) and Outcomes Based Teaching and Learning (OBTL) started as early as 2009 and (2) TIP's bid for ABET accreditation launched in 2011.
OBE entails a shift from teacher focus to student or learner and outcomes focus. With OBE, the teacher starts with the "end in view".
Lahoz said that TIP realized that the paradigm shift to outcomes-based education had provided universities outside the Philippines that pioneered in outcomes-based education an edge over others that had not made the shift.
Lahoz reiterated that the TIP implementation of OBE, its state-of-the-art laboratories, its quality management system, and continuous quality improvement, strategically positioned TIP in its quest for international accreditation from the U.S.-based ABET, formerly known as the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology.
18 TIP Programs Now ABET-accredited
ABET (www.abet.org), an outcomes-oriented international accreditation body, is acknowledged as “The Global Gold Standard in Engineering and Computing Education Accreditation.”
Relatedly, Lahoz announced the international accreditation of eighteen (18) TIP engineering and computing programs by the Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC) and the Computing Accreditation Commission (CAC) of ABET.
For TIP Mla, the engineering programs accredited by the EAC are Chemical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Industrial Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering.
For TIP Mla, the computing programs accredited by the CAC are Computer Science, Information Systems and Information Technology for TIP Manila.
For TIP QC, the engineering programs accredited by the EAC are Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Sanitary Engineering.
For TIP QC, the computing programs accredited by the CAC are Computer Science, Information Systems and Information Technology for TIP Quezon City.
The Information Systems programs of TIP are the first and only IS programs accredited by ABET in South East Asia.
TIP QC Knife Fish Research and Design Project
Lahoz said that the culminating design project of Mark Susbilla and his group won in the 2013 DOST-Regional Invention Contest and Exhibit (RICE) under the SIBOL (Student Creative Research)-College Category.
She elaborated that the project is a manifestation of the achievement of the desired outcomes; a manifestation that the TIP students were able to exercise their critical and creative thinking in providing solutions to discipline-related problems and in contributing to national development through the application of new technology.
Response to LLDA and BFAR Challenges
In response to the call of the Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA), to contain the knife fish to preserve the Laguna Lake’s ecosystem and protect the livelihood of the industries dependent to the lake, these TIP students took the challenge to help address the adverse impact of knife fish. Through their culminating design course, they developed a device that uses acoustic waves for attracting knife fish to lure them into a fish cage. Once inside the cage, they could be exterminated through controlled electrocution.
According to the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), another problem about the knife fish is their rapid population growth. To address this problem, a different device was developed by the TIP students. This time, the TIP students used magnetic field as a medium to addle the fish eggs which will prevent them from proliferating.
TIP President Lahoz stressed that “TIP creates avenues for intellectual stimulation among our students.” We provide opportunities for students to have an understanding of the impact of professional engineering solutions in societal and environmental contexts and to demonstrate knowledge of the need for sustainable development.
Lahoz expressed the hope that this event paves the way for establishing critical linkages towards stronger partnerships with government agencies.
Other speakers in the technology forum included Dr. Adelaida L. Palma of the National Inland Fisheries Technology Center of Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) who discussed "The Biology and Current Control Strategies Against the Knife Fish".
In her talk, Palma stressed the need to come up with new technologies to eradicate the knife fish that threaten to wipe out the edible fish population of the Laguna Lake in three years. Dr. Dranreb Earl O. Juanico of the Ateneo de Manila University tackled "Mathematics, Acoustics and Anatomy: Toward Engineering a Bladder Blaster".